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Sunday, 24 April 2011


At times known as the ‘hoe tusker’, the Deinotherium was a creature that lived during the Middle Miocene era and died sometime during the Early Pleistocene era. It’s also known as being the third largest land animal to have ever existed, standing about 15 feet tall and weighing over 15.4 tons.The creature looks much like present-day elephants, the only real difference being that they had a shorter trunk and the tusks were attached to the lower jaw, not the upper jaw like today’s elephants.

It's Fossil

 Deinotherium fossils have been found all over, mainly in Europe, Asia, and Africa. After these fossils were found, many believe that the large teeth and tusks were the catalysts to Greek beliefs of giant archaic creatures. The solid bone tusk could of been used to defend themselves from predators with.Just by looking at the Deinotherium, you can correctly assume that they are more than likely ancestors of the elephants you see today. The creature is also said to be related to the gomphotheres as well as the mastodons, both of which are extinct creatures.


A Velociraptor was a type of dinosaur that  lived during the late cretaceous and is a quite well known creature. Velociraptor were part of the family of carnivorous dinosaurs called Dromaeosauridae. This family of dinosaur had large brains and were clever enough to hunt in packs, and were fearsome predators . Velociraptors are famous and very well known for the long curved blade of a claw  on the second toe of each foot. It is also well known for its clawed hands and sharp teeth but unlike other Dromaeosauridae had larger heads and longer jaws.

It's Fossil

The skeleton of the Velociraptor is small but the build of it allows the body to be stremlined making the Velociraptor a quick runner and the claw on its foot was its main weapon and the creature used it to pierce and rip through huge chunks of flesh. Also as it has a long jaw it can eat more.

Saturday, 23 April 2011


Iguanodon was a bulky herbivore that lived during the early cretaceous and was around 10 meters long and weighed about 3 tonnes to 3.5 tonnes on average. The Iguanodon's arms were long (up to 75% the length of the legs) and robust with rather inflexible hands built so that the three central fingers could bear weight. The thumbs were conical spikes that stuck out away from the three main fingers.They could have been used for defense, or for foraging for food. 

It's Fossil

This creature had a large, tall but narrow skull, with a toothless beak probably covered with keratin, and teeth like those of an iguana, but much larger and more closely packed, the legs were powerful, but not built for running, and each foot had three toes. The backbone and tail were supported and stiffened by ossified tendons, which were tendons that turned to bone during life so overall, in body structure, it was not too dissimilar from its later relatives, the hadrosaurids.


Triceratops was a type of dinosaur that lived in the cretaceous which is well known for its huge horns and its huge thick skull. The skull of a Triceratops is solid bone has been known to have patterns on it, and the Triceratops horns are also made of solid bone and males use them to fight with during mating seasons to impress female Triceratops and would also use them to defend themselves from predators.

Triceratops were herbivores and ate grass and small bushes and plants. Triceratops were the heaviest members of a dinosaur family called Caratopsidae and grazed in large herds throughout western North America. Triceratops were also quite hard to hunt due to there thick skulls and the thick hide that covers there bodies.

Its Fossil

The skull of the Triceratops is almost impossible to damage or break making  it a great form of defence along with the solid boned horns  that were great for piercing through the flesh of predators.

They also have thick strong leg bones good for running and thick spine which give good support.

Monday, 10 January 2011

Tyrannosaurus Rex

Tyrannosaurus Rex must be the most well known dinosaur of all time,this carniverous creature ate dinosaurs just as big as itself and was one of the biggest reptiles to walk the earth. T-Rex is a dinosaur from the late cretaceous and lived in America around 65 million years ago.

It's Fossil

A T-Rex skeleton is quite strange for a lizard as it has two small stick like arms which are good for nothing at all. It had big powerful legs and a huge skull and jaw filled with razor sharp teeth.

Saturday, 8 January 2011

Kaprosuchus (Boar-Croc)

Kaprosuchus (nicknamed boar croc) is not as well known as other prehistoric creatures. This unique form of crocodile had small horns on it's skull like a boar and was roughly about six metres in length, it probablyate fish as just like crocodiles it was aquatic. It possesses three sets of tusk-like teeth that project above and below the skull, one of which in the lower jaw fits into notches in upper jaw.

It's Fossil

The most fassinating thing about the Kaprosuchus's skeleton is it's skull, (which as I mentioned earlier is a mix of two different animals) the rest of the skeleton was almost exactly the same to our modern crocodile's. 

Friday, 7 January 2011

The Woolly Mammoth

The woolly mammoth is one of the most well know type of prehistoric animal,it lived in a period called the "Ice Age". The mammoth was a bigger and stronger version of the elephant with longer tusks and unlike elephants have alot of wool giving them their name, just like elephant's mammoth's traveled in herds with a matriarch however faced the trouble from ice age man that killed them for their meat, wool and their tusks.

It's Fossil

It's skeleton is very tall and skinny as most of their body was fat to keep them warm in the harsh conditions of the "Ice Age". This creature is well known for their huge tusks which are long and curled for the males and short and straight for the females.